An excerpt from the article “All This in Remembrance” in the March/April 2013 Touchstone:


smallcover 26 02 Folke T. Olofsson on The History & Revelation of Anamnesis in Platonic, Jewish & Christian ThoughtZikkaron is the Hebrew word for the Greek anamnesis. The difference between the two conceptions can hardly be exaggerated: they represent two different worlds, two different modes of understanding human existence.

The Hebrew word is “a sacrificial term that brings the offerer into remembrance before God, or brings God into favorable remembrance with the offerer” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia). It refers to something given in time and space, which is the point of reference and contact between man and the Absolute, between man and God—in this case, man’s action in the form of a sacrifice, offered in the context of liturgical celebration. This commemoration of something that has happened in space and time becomes clearly visible in the celebration of Passover. It is a memorial set up to be observed as a liturgical remembrance of sacred history.

At the celebration of Pascha, the youngest participant asks why this night is different from all other nights (Ma Nishtana), and, in an elaborate liturgy, the Exodus from Egypt is not only remembered and commemorated, but is re-actualized, re-presented through the retelling of the Exodus story (Maggid). Those present are not only remembering something in the past, as if they were witnessing the event from afar, but are participating in the actual Exodus through the liturgy. Their celebration is a part of God’s ongoing saving activity, not only in the past, but here and now, concluding with the expression of hope that the Messiah will come and that the next celebration of Passover will be in Jerusalem, the Holy City. In the present, the celebration looks back to something that once occurred, and it looks forward in hope to something that will happen in the future, and all is encompassed in God’s mighty and liberating deeds for his people.

We can say that the reason for the celebration of Pascha is man’s reaction to God’s action. It is not an end in itself, a nice tradition to strengthen the Jewish identity, although that may come as a byproduct. It is God’s initiative, his action, which is “the reason for the season.”

Read the article online.