Having read Jim Kushiner's post from two days ago, I couldn't help but get a little more mileage out of his title. Actually, a more accurate title for this one would be "who understands what it means to be human," period. If you saw the cover story of this past February's Time magazine entitled "2045: The Year Man Becomes Immortal" you know what I'm talking about. The issue at its core–the mind/body problem–isn't a new one. What is new is the exponential rate at which technology will bring (supposedly) superintelligent immortal cyborgs into existence.
To quote a portion of the article: "We will successfully reverse-engineer the human brain by the mid-2020s. By the end of that decade, computers will be capable of human-level intelligence….In , given the vast increases in computing power and the vast reductions in the cost of same, the quantity of artificial intelligence created will be about a billion times the sum of all the human intelligence that exists today."