Having read Jim Kushiner's post from two days ago, I couldn't help but get a little more mileage out of his title.  Actually, a more accurate title for this one would be "who understands what it means to be human," period.  If you saw the cover story of this past February's Time magazine entitled "2045: The Year Man Becomes Immortal" you know what I'm talking about.  The issue at its core–the mind/body problem–isn't a new one.  What is new is the exponential rate at which technology will bring (supposedly) superintelligent immortal cyborgs into existence. 

To quote a portion of the article:  "We will successfully reverse-engineer the human brain by the mid-2020s. By the end of that decade, computers will be capable of human-level intelligence….In [2045], given the vast increases in computing power and the vast reductions in the cost of same, the quantity of artificial intelligence created will be about a billion times the sum of all the human intelligence that exists today."

Although Time predictably gave the philosophical issues the short shrift, at least it raised some of the basic questions:  "Suppose we did create a computer that talked and acted in a way that was indistinguishable from a human being — in other words, a computer that could pass the Turing test. (Very loosely speaking, such a computer would be able to pass as human in a blind test.) Would that mean that the computer was sentient, the way a human being is? Or would it just be an extremely sophisticated but essentially mechanical automaton without the mysterious spark of consciousness — a machine with no ghost in it? And how would we know?"  
The Time article will jolt anyone who thought that Schwarzeneggar’s Cyberdine/Terminator brand was a mere fiction relegated to our DVD libraries.  If this isn’t a case for young, clear-minded Christian thinkers to go and get Ph.D.’s in neuroscience and philosophy of mind from the best universities in the world, I don’t know what is.