Arguments 7 and 8 against homosexual "marriage":

7. It seals us in a culture of divorce.

In the United States, nearly half of all marriages will end in divorce. It is hard to see how any community can survive the resulting breaking up of homes, the smashing of friendships, the jumble and shuffle of neighborhoods, and the underlying assumption that human beings are not to be trusted. Social science has finally come round to showing just a bit of what we all ought to have known anyway: divorce is deeply damaging to the family and to the community. Boys who grow up apart from their fathers are many times more likely to fall prey to drugs and crime; girls, to seek male affirmation elsewhere and bear children out of wedlock. Spend a little time getting to know the destroyed lives of a few of the millions of young men in prison, and then try to defend divorce — or the habit in some communities of never forming a marriage in the first place.

Once again, we were told by the social reformers, this time the

falsely named “conservative” reformers, that divorce laws were outdated

and cruel, often compelling people who wanted to break up to

manufacture ugly accusations against one another, just to procure the

divorce. We were told that the reform of the laws would not increase

the incidence of divorce — since those who were going to divorce would

do so eventually in any case. But it would save a great deal of human


And again, that is exactly what the no-fault divorce laws failed to

do. Divorce swept the land like a plague, and brought untold misery in

its wake. And no-fault is patently unjust: very often it subjects the

wronged party to the whim of the guilty; it rules out of bounds the

most commonsense considerations in matters of the custody of children;

and it reduces marriage to a status some miles below that of a business

contract. If one partner at a gas station embezzles funds and uses them

to buy stock in the competition, does he get to claim half of the

original station? Does she get to compel her partner to provide her

support as she buys even more stock? Would not such malfeasance land

you in jail? Why do we take the ownership of corporations more

seriously than the establishment of coherent families?

Any statesman must see that we cannot continue this way. At the

basis of all civilization lies trust: I must believe that the people

driving down the road will stay on their own side of the yellow line.

If I did not believe that, and believe it with something approaching

absolute certainty, I could not drive. Divorce begins by undermining

trust in marriage (and that is bad enough, given our plummeting birth

rates), and ends by undermining trust altogether. We must retrace our

steps: we must bring some semblance of justice back to divorce law.

But how can we do this, while legalizing homosexual “marriage”?

Again, the principle for the legalization is simply that people have a

right to “fulfill” themselves sexually. But some marriages are unhappy

— or some people who are married come to think that it would be more

“fulfilling” to leap over the fence. How can we deny them this? Or how

can we blame them for it? How can we penalize the breaker of a family,

when his or her motives are exactly the same as those we have blessed

in the case of the homosexual?

And what about homosexual adultery? We have been informed by the

homosexual activists themselves that people’s expectations in this

regard will have to change. Male homosexuals do not remain faithful to

one another, in the sense that they do not so severely restrict their

sexual activity. But if a certain looseness is granted to the male

homosexual, when his jealous lover chooses to “divorce” him, why should

the same benefit not be accorded the male heterosexual?

The argument that the availability of marriage would encourage

monogamy among homosexuals, while not affecting heterosexuals at all,

is particularly specious. It assumes, first, that marriage is what the

homosexuals seek, rather than the status of normality that marriage

confers. In so doing it misconstrues the nature of the homosexual

relationship (see below), and threatens the already embattled

institution of marriage with a new barrage of divorces, custody

litigation, and an expensive and morally disastrous “right” to

manufacture children. The bases for marriage and homosexual union are,

however, fundamentally incompatible. The former is based upon the very

structure of our bodies, upon biological and anthropological fact. The

latter is based, as is the sexual revolution, upon will alone. In

practice it must accelerate the destruction of marriage; its principle,

or rather the false principle that made homosexual “marriage”

conceivable in the first place, is all the poison that is needed.

8. It normalizes an abnormal behavior.

That it is an abnormal behavior is clear to any disinterested

observer. It hardly needs mentioning that the male and female bodies

are made for one another, in obvious ways, and in more subtle ways

which medical science is only beginning to discover.

I will discuss below what causes the behavior. For the moment, let

us remember what is required of a scientific theory. It should explain

the evidence — all of it, not just the evidence the theorist finds

convenient. It should not embroil the theorist in thornier questions

than the one he seeks to answer. It should be coherent with other

accepted theories. It should be fruitful: that is, if the theory is

correct, it should help explain many other related phenomena. It should

be based on few assumptions, and those assumptions should be easy to


Now the theory that homosexuality is caused by one’s genes is based

on the simple, though shaky, assumption that human behavior is wholly

determined by genetics. Otherwise it violates every qualification for

sound science.

First, it does not explain the evidence. That evidence shows that

homosexual activity is far more prevalent among some cultures than

among others; that in the same culture it is more prevalent among some

groups than among others (for instance, living in the countryside

places the boy at a significantly lower risk of experiencing serious

homosexual attraction); that some people spend years engaging in

homosexual activity and then give it up, often becoming happily married

(John Maynard Keynes was one). At best, the theorist must retreat and

say that there may be a genetic predisposition to homosexual behavior;

but there may also be a genetic predisposition to crime, or to

alcoholism, or to any number of human weaknesses and aberrancies. The

possession of a certain gene for alcoholism is neither a necessary nor

a sufficient condition for one’s becoming an alcoholic. You can be dry

with it, and alcoholic without it.

Second, it embroils the theorist in an odd dilemma. If he affirms

that such a gene is passed along by heredity, then it seems hard to

believe that it would have survived after the thousands or millions of

years the human race has been in existence. Put it this way: suppose

there is a gene for celibacy. Would that gene not die out the faster,

precisely insofar as it determined its possessor to a life of celibacy?

To the extent that a “gay” gene is determinative, to that same extent

it suffers under the mathematical power of natural selection, since

people who do not possess that gene will have many more children than

people who do. To the extent that it only nudges human behavior rather

than determining it, to that same extent it will vanish from the gene

pool less quickly — but then it is incoherent to talk about it as if

it were really a “gay” gene. And it is utterly implausible to suppose

that millions of mutations of exactly the same sort pop up in the

United States with every generation.

Third, it runs counter to the leftist notion, loudly proclaimed in

academe, that sexual behavior is “socially conditioned.” Thus, despite

the plain fact that some boys seem to know how to take machines apart

and put them together again without ever being taught, or that boys in

every culture have invented rough games, or that in every culture young

men commit the bulk of the violent crimes — all this is to be

explained by social conditioning, occurring magically in the same ways

in several thousand cultures that we have knowledge of, cultures in

every part of the world and at every conceivable stage of technological

development. The only thing that the left now believes is genetically

determined is precisely the aberrant behavior for which it is

implausible to suppose that any gene could long remain in the gene pool!

Fourth, the theory is not fruitful. It really explains nothing: it is a kind of deus ex machina,

brought on stage to clinch an argument by appeal to higher authority.

It does not explain why male homosexuals engage in a promiscuity that

beggars the imagination. It does not explain their preponderant use of

pornography. It does not explain the masochism and sadism that are so

marked a part of the lifestyle. It does not explain the anonymous or

group sex, or the precoccupation with bathrooms. It does not explain a

host of psychological syndromes heavily represented among gay men,

including narcissism, self-mutilation, coprophilia, drug use,

alcoholism, exhibitionism, and suicide. It does not explain why the

bizarre behaviors are more prevalent in places where

homosexuality is the more tolerated. It does not explain the male

homosexual cult of youth — more about that below. Most damningly, it

does not explain the compulsiveness of the male homosexual, a compulsiveness tacitly admitted by the name of the Catholic group Courage,

a group of men attracted to other men and struggling to live celibate

lives. Male heterosexuals do not need courage to remain chaste: simple

continence will do. Something additional must beset those who require

courage to keep from having sexual intercourse.

Before the current wave of political advocacy, many psychologists

who studied homosexual men did come to some plausible conclusions about

the same-sex attraction. From their studies and from what I know about

the nature of boys, I offer the following alternative theory to explain

male homosexuality.

I accept the word of male homosexuals who say that they have always

felt attracted to other males. There is no reason to doubt them on

this. They believe that this attraction makes them different from their

brothers — and this is where they go wrong. The plain fact is that all

boys have a deep need (again, this is something hard to explain to

women) for male acceptance and affirmation. All boys are attracted to

the athletic, the popular, the gregarious, the cheerful, the clever

boy, or man, as the case may be. This need is expressed in various

ways: sometimes by shutting girls out of the club; sometimes by

horseplay; sometimes by the violent high spirits of a gang; sometimes

by initiation rites involving blood; sometimes by sworn devotion to a

higher cause. In every boy there is a strain of the Tom Sawyer who

organizes the other boys around him, or of the boys who look to a Tom

Sawyer. The art of every culture testifies to these powerful (and

difficult) friendships: Gilgamesh, Huckleberry Finn, David Copperfield, Kidnapped, The Iliad, Star Wars.

That is the single assumption I make; and even homosexuals

unwittingly testify to it. From it, all else follows. For suppose the

boy has a cruel father, who makes fun of him for being slow or fat or

clumsy. Or suppose the boy is naturally shy, and is rejected by the

local boys — and can only watch their rough games resentfully yet

longingly from the kitchen window. Or suppose the boy’s older brothers

ignore him, and he watches in envy as they catch the football

or flirt with the pretty girl. Whatever the cause, suppose a boy who is

rejected by the most important males in his life: the neighborhood

boys, or his brothers, or, most perilously, his father.

The longing for male companionship does not go away; and remember,

the boyish friendship is expressed with an active and frank

physicality. What happens now may depend on other factors: the presence

of some one friend in whom he can trust, or a loving father who will

make rejection by the other boys pale in importance. Failing that, the

boy must struggle on his own to define himself as a boy, or must accept

that he “deserves” to be rejected by the others, because he is not a

real boy. This struggle is for the central fact of the boy’s existence

— and that too is unwittingly supported by homosexuals, who alone

among people of all kinds of sexual habits associate their very identities with their longings.

Soon enough, the boy reaches puberty, and the longing assumes a new

character, influenced by the boy’s new capacity for sexual arousal and

his developing, and often chaotic, feelings of sexual desire. The same

kind of bodily fooleries that help form the identity of other boys —

for instance, nude bathing or semi-public urination or the common

shower after an athletic contest — become for him moments of great

dread, or desire, or both at once. Hence the compulsiveness of the

homosexual’s behavior: like other compulsives, he scratches at a wound

that will not heal; he visits again and again the site of the painful

memory; he aches to fulfill a longing whose source he can no longer

rightly recognize. Most boys grow out of this silly stage; the

homosexual, who was denied the chance to undergo it in the normal way,

returns to it, as if compelled. Hence the exhibitionism and other forms

of public behavior that one might expect in a prepubescent boy — if

the boy were deeply disturbed.

What the male homosexual longs for, sexually, is what every male

needs, and that is simply affirmation by other men. It is to know that

you belong, you are a man, you can be relied on in a fight, you have

what it takes. If a boy is given this affirmation, then, barring a rape

or something else unspeakably bizarre, he will not become a homosexual.

This too is a plain fact: it is a sufficient condition for the

nonappearance of the syndrome. If a father affirms his son physically

(for the rough touch of a good father’s love is never forgotten by the

son), then the son will identify with the father. He will know he is a

boy, to follow his father in marrying a woman and having children by


Thus male homosexuality is a corruption not of the relations

between men and women, but of the relations between men and men: it is

an aberrant eroticization of male friendship. And that explains the

unimaginable promiscuity. What a man seeks in a woman is not what he

seeks in a man. Husband and wife may be “friends,” but in the first

instance they are both less and more than that. My wife is not an alter ego; we do not stand side by side to conquer the world. But I find in her what I lack in myself. She is the mysterious one who is not like me; and my love for her is quite unlike my love for my friend, who is like

me. There is nothing casual about marriage, but friendship descends

from the summit all the way down to pleasant and passing acquaintances.

If it is friendship that male homosexuals seek, then we might predict

many of their otherwise inexplicable behaviors. Friendship is not

exclusive; one can never have too many friends; friendship is often

celebrated best in boisterous groups; to live even a week or two

without the feeling that one has a friend is agonizingly lonely.

But the hope that homosexual relations can ever really fulfill that

need for the affirming friend is, in the end, delusive. The homosexual

knows better than anyone that something has gone awry with him; hence

his own vacillation between insisting that he is normal, and his

flaunting of behavior that if performed by anyone else in any other

situation he himself would despise. “Queer Theory” — the sad name

speaks volumes.